It is an autonomous organisation under the diocese of the Bishop of Varanasi. Many books illustrated in the Mughal miniature style are also part of the collections. Other KVs are Kendriya Vidyalaya 39 GTC and Kendriya Vidyalaya DLW. Hence, agglomerating Buddhist population in the region. Tourism in the city began to flourish in the 18th century. Of total 4242 working population, 93.92 % were engaged in Main Work while 6.08 % of total workers were engaged in Marginal Work. The deer park in Sarnath is where Gautama Buddha first taught the Dharma, and where the Buddhist Sangha came into existence through the enlightenment of Kondanna. Varanasi Tehsil population, religion, caste, sex ratio, literacy rate data. The total population of Varanasi is 14119 out of which 7742 are males and 6377 are females. Special aartis are held on Tuesdays and on religious festivals. [91] The solid wastes are disposed in one landfill site. [75], Water supply and sewage system is operated by the Uttar Pradesh Jal Nigam. [137] Gyan Vapi (Sanskrit: "the well of knowledge"), the name of the mosque, is derived from a well of the same name located within the precincts of the mosque. [152], The city is mentioned by the Buddha as one of the four places of pilgrimage to which his devout followers should visit. Child population (0-6) in urban region was 190,725 of which males and females were 101,422 and 89,303. Varanasi Tehsil in Varanasi District of Uttar Pradesh. [52] In recent years, the water level of the Ganges has decreased significantly; upstream dams, unregulated water extraction, and dwindling glacial sources due to global warming may be to blame. Of particular note are the Abdul Razzaq, Alamgir, Bibi Razia, Chaukhambha, Dhai Nim Kangore, Fatman, Ganje Shahada, Gyanavapi, and Hazrat Sayyed Salar Masud Dargah. The ghats are an integral complement to the Hindu concept of divinity represented in physical, metaphysical, and supernatural elements. [150] The foundation stone was laid on 14 June 1965 on Ashad Sankranti day at the birthplace of Ravidas. Varanasi is located at an elevation of 80.71 metres (264.8 ft)[44] in the centre of the Ganges valley of North India, in the Eastern part of the state of Uttar Pradesh, along the left crescent-shaped bank of the Ganges, averaging between 15 metres (50 ft) and 21 metres (70 ft) above the river. The 18th century Durga Kund Temple, also known as the "Monkey temple". [72] Each of the several police circles is headed by a Circle Officer (CO) in the rank of Deputy Superintendent of Police. In SOTS 2020 analysis, Varanasi ranks #2 in the connectivity index in the state, #3 in total length of surfaced roads per 1,000 sq. Winters in Varanasi see very large diurnal variations, with warm days and downright cold nights. In the Rigveda, an ancient Indian sacred collection of Vedic Sanskrit hymns, the city is referred to as Kāśī (काशी: Kashi) from the Sanskrit verbal root kaś- "to shine", making Varanasi known as "City of Light",[15] the "luminous city as an eminent seat of learning". Several other major figures of the Bhakti movement were born in Varanasi, including Kabir and Ravidas. In the 18th century, Muhammad Shah ordered the construction of an observatory on the Ganges, attached to Man Mandir Ghat, designed to discover imperfections in the calendar in order to revise existing astronomical tables. The current Commissioner is Deepak Agarwal. [247] The city is being invested by both private and public players in different sectors. This was 0.115% of total India population. Varanasi (Hindustani pronunciation: [ʋaːˈraːɳəsi] (listen)), also known as Benares,[10] Banaras (Banāras [bəˈnaːrəs] (listen)), or Kashi (Kāśī [ˈkaːʃi] (listen)), is a city on the banks of the river Ganges in Uttar Pradesh, India, 320 kilometres (200 mi) south-east of the state capital, Lucknow, and 121 kilometres (75 mi) east of Allahabad. [180], Varanasi caters a lot of shooting from different film industries in India. Of particular note are the Dashashwamedh Ghat, the Panchganga Ghat, the Manikarnika Ghat, and the Harishchandra Ghat, the last two being where Hindus cremate their dead. [216] The airport's new terminal was inaugurated in 2010, and it was granted international airport status on 4 October 2012. [165][166] Since 1923, the temple has organised a five-day classical music and dance concert festival named Sankat Mochan Sangeet Samaroh, wherein iconic artists from all parts of India are invited to perform. One of Asia's largest residential universities is Banaras Hindu University (BHU). [94] However, the area under Varanasi Nagar Nigam has a population of 1,100,748[95] with a ratio of 883 females for every 1,000 males. [47] Neighbourhoods of the city include Adampura, Anandbagh, Bachchhaon, Bangali Tola, Bhelpura, Bulanala, Chaitganj, Chaukaghat, Chowk, Dhupchandi, Dumraon, Gandhinagar, Gautam Nagar, Giri Nagar, Gopal Vihar, Guru Nanak Nagar, Jaitpura, Kail Garh, Khanna, Kotwali, Lanka Manduadih, Luxa, Maheshpur, Mahmoorganj, Maulvibagh, Nagwar, Naipokhari, Shivala, Siddhagiribagh, and Sigra. In fact, the country has a total of 39 cities that each have populations exceeding one million residents. Most are bathing ghats, while others are used as cremation sites. [167] Bharat Milap celebrates the meeting of Rama and his younger brother Bharata after the return of the former after 14 years of exile. Other colleges and universities in Varanasi include Jamia-e-Imania, the Institute of Integrated Management and Technology, Mahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapith, Nav Sadhana Kala Kendra, Sampurnanand Sanskrit University, Sri Agrasen Kanya P.G. The current DM is Kaushal Raj Sharma. [22] The Buddha is believed to have founded Buddhism here around 528 BCE when he gave his first sermon, "The Setting in Motion of the Wheel of Dharma", at nearby Sarnath. [96], Religion in Varanasi, according to the 2011 Census.[97]. [140] The mosque is administered by the Anjuman Inthazamiya Masajid (AIM). [107] Other major commodities manufactured and traded in Varanasi include hand-knotted Mirzapur carpets, rugs, dhurries, brassware, copperware, wooden and clay toys, handicrafts, gold jewellery, and musical instruments. The Kashi Vishwanath Temple, the most important temple in Varanasi. It is situated 9km away from Varanasi, which is both district & sub-district headquarter of Rampur village. In Population 2020 we have covered major cities of India in North, south, west, east & central India. [22], The Dashashwamedh Ghat is the main and probably the oldest ghat of Varanasi located on the Ganges, close to the Kashi Vishwanath Temple. Of total 402122 working population, 84.38 % were engaged in Main Work while 15.62 % of … [43] It is celebrated during October–November, a day after the festival of Vijayadashami. [111], In 2017, InterContinental Hotels Group made an agreement with the JHV group to set up Holiday Inn and Crowne Plaza hotel chains in Varanasi. [29][30], Varanasi remained a centre of activity for intellectuals and theologians during the Middle Ages, which further contributed to its reputation as a cultural centre of religion and education. In 2018, a new inland port was established on the banks of Ganges River. Total population of Varanasi in 2020 Get the answers you need, now! [163], On Maha Shivaratri (February), a procession of Shiva proceeds from the Mahamrityunjaya Temple to the Kashi Vishwanath Temple. [176] Out of which 1603805 are males while 1445738 are females. Many of these mosques were constructed from the components of the Hindu shrines which were destroyed under the auspices of subsequent Muslim invaders or rulers. Hindu religious texts use many epithets to refer to Varanasi, such as Kāśikā (काशिका: Sanskrit: "the shining one"), Avimukta (अविमुक्त: Sanskrit: "never forsaken" by Shiva), Ānandakanana (आनंदकानन: Sanskrit: "the forest of bliss"), and Rudravāsa (रुद्रवास: Sanskrit: "the place where Rudra/Śiva resides"). Among the estimated 23,000 temples in Varanasi are Kashi Vishwanath Temple of Shiva, the Sankat Mochan Hanuman Temple, and the Durga Temple. [119][120], The Ghats in Varanasi are world-renowned embankments made in steps of stone slabs along the river bank where pilgrims perform ritual ablutions. Varanasi Hospital's foundation stone was laid by governor Kanaiyalal Maneklal Munshi in 1954 and it was inaugurated by president S. Radhakrishnan in 1964.[12]. Various engineering colleges have been established in the outskirts of the city. If population growth rate would be same as in period 2001-2011 (+1.75%/year), Varanasi population in 2020 would be: 1 674 565*. It is 4 km North-East of Varanasi Junction railway station. [92], According to provisional data from the 2011 census, the Varanasi urban agglomeration had a population of 1,435,113, with 761,060 men and 674,053 women. In 2019 2020, the population of the city of Varanasi, India is - 1 091 918 people. All-populations.com used data from the number of the population from official sources. Aj, Hindi newspaper was established in 1920 in Varanasi. [49], Varanasi experiences a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cwa) with large variations between summer and winter temperatures. However there is no firm date by when this will happen. The city is also a centre for Buddhist pilgrimage. The current ADG, Varanasi Zone is Biswajit Mahapatra,[70] and IG, Varanasi Range is Vijay Singh Meena. Heading Details 1 Location Longitude 83.0 Latitude: 25.20 2 Geographical Area (2001) 1535 per.sq.km 3 Population (2011) 3,676,841 3-1 Male (2011) 1,921,857 3-2 Female (2011) 1,754,984 3-3 Rural (2011) 2,079,790 3-4 Urban (2011) 1,597,051 3-5 Scheduled Caste 486,958 3-6 Scheduled Tribes 28617 3-7 Sex Ratio 913 3-8 Population Density 2395 per.sq.km 4 Literacy 75.60% […] [93], The population of the Varanasi urban agglomeration in 2001 was 1,371,749 with a ratio of 879 females every 1,000 males. Other notable universities and colleges include Institute of Medical Sciences, Sampurnanand Sanskrit Vishwavidyalaya, Central Institute of Higher Tibetan Studies, Harish Chandra Postgraduate College, and School of Management Sciences. [242] The Multi-Modal Terminal is designed to handle 1.26 million metric tons of cargo every year and covers an area of 34 hectares. In 1656, Emperor Aurangzeb ordered the destruction of many temples and the building of mosques, causing the city to experience a temporary setback. College and Udai Pratap Autonomous College. [35] In 1791, under the rule of the British Governor-General Warren Hastings, Jonathan Duncan founded a Sanskrit College in Varanasi. ", "List of IAS officers who are Vice Chairman of Development Authorities", "Elections 2014: Narendra Modi wins Varanasi by a massive margin of 3.37 lakh votes", "Tata Memorial will run railways' cancer hospital in Varanasi", "News | The Forum on Religion and Ecology at Yale", "Heavy Metal Contamination in Vegetables Grown in Wastewater Irrigated Areas of Varanasi, India", "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population of more than one million in 2001", "Population, Population in the age group 0–6 and literates by sex – Urban Agglomeration/Town: 2001", "Slum Population in Million Plus Cities (Municipal Corporations): Part A", "C-01 Population By Religious Community – Uttar Pradesh", "IHG debuts in Varanasi with Holiday Inn and Crowne Plaza hotels", "ANNUAL TOURIST VISITS STATISTICS- 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017", "The Indian and Foreign tourist visits in important tourist places of Uttar Pradesh in year 2015 to 2019", "Alphabetical List of Monuments – Uttar Pradesh", "18th Century Observatories of Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II", "Lonely Planet review for Ramnagar Fort & Museum", "Blasts in Sankatmochan temple and railway station kill dozen, several injured", "Varanasi temple gets permanent police post", "Nag Panchami celebrated with religious fervour", "VHP game in Benares, with official blessings", "Mayawati fails to pay visit to Ravidas' birth place – Feb 21,2008", "Shri Guru Ravidass Janam Asthan Mandir Seer Govardhanpur, Varanasi (U.P. One of the major factors in Varanasi, is its access to all parts of the country. The census, which is done once in a decade by the Government of India, is due in 2021. Vibhuti Narayan Singh incorporated his territories into the United Provinces in 1949. The distance between the two confluences is around 2 miles (4 km), and serves as a sacred journeying route for Hindus, which culminates with a visit to a Sakshi Vinayak Temple. [161] Varanasi is also associated with many great instrumentalists such as Bismillah Khan[160] and Ravi Shankar, the famous sitar player and musicologist who was given the highest civilian award of the country, the Bharat Ratna. A non-religious festival observed by Muslims is Ghazi-miyan-ka-byaha ("the marriage of Ghazi Miyan").[169][170]. [63][64][65], Varanasi district administration is headed by the District Magistrate of Varanasi, who is an IAS officer. [83] Pollution of the Ganges is a particular source of worry because of the religious significance of the river, the dependence of people on it as a source of drinking water, and its prominence as a symbol of Varanasi and the city itself. When you see the population of Varanasi from 2014-18, it has been seen that the population has gone up by 0.2352 Million in the past 5 years. The Jain Ghat or Bachraj Ghat is a Jain Ghat and has three Jain Temples located on the banks of the River. [1], According to Hindu mythology, Varanasi was founded by Shiva,[17] one of three principal deities along with Brahma and Vishnu. Cold waves from the Himalayan region cause temperatures to dip across the city in the winter from December to February and temperatures below 5 °C (41 °F) are not uncommon. S.No. [63][64][65], Varanasi district comes under the Varanasi Police Zone and Varanasi Police Range, Varanasi Zone is headed by an Additional Director General ranked IPS officer, and the Varanasi Range is headed Inspector General ranked IPS officer. According to current population projections, Bangladesh’s population will reach its peak in 2053 with a population of 192.78. [22][25] When Xuanzang, visited Varanasi in the 7th century, he named it "Polonise" (婆羅痆斯) and wrote that the city had some 30 temples with about 30 monks. Population, Religion, Caste, Literacy, Sex ratio data of Varanasi District as per Census 2011. Therefore, the population of the city increases per year by 0.04704 Million. [239] Varanasi Traffic Police keeps an eye through Smart Command and Control Centre. Since 1922, ayurveda has been a subject of training in the Banaras Hindu University, and in 1927 a separate Ayurvedic College was established. Varanasi is a Munciple Corporation city situated in Varanasi Tehsil of Varanasi district. Cited as an "eccentric" museum, it contains a rare collection of American vintage cars, bejewelled sedan chairs, an impressive weaponry hall, and a rare astrological clock. This was established by Annie Besant in July 1898 with the objective of imparting secular education. Above and adjacent to this ghat, there are also temples dedicated to Sulatankesvara, Brahmesvara, Varahesvara, Abhaya Vinayaka, Ganga (the Ganges), and Bandi Devi, which are all important pilgrimage sites. [231] Daily commuters prefer city buses, which operate on specific routes of urban and suburban areas. Hinduism is predominantly followed in Varanasi while Islam being the largest minority. Varanasi Population, Caste, Working population Data of Varanasi in Varanasi district, Uttar Pradesh. The city also agglomerate different religions such as Christianity, Sikhism, Jainism and Buddhism. [72] The current SSP is Prabhakar Chaudhary. [155] The newspaper was the bulwark of the Indian National Congress and is a major newspaper of Hindi northern India. "Banaras" redirects here. In the 16th century, Varanasi had a cultural revival under the Mughal emperor Akbar who patronised the city, and built two large temples dedicated to Shiva and Vishnu. [180] Government schools tend to serve lower-class children with lower education aspirations. While less equipped than the observatories at Jaipur and Delhi, the Jantar Mantar has a unique equatorial sundial which is functional and allows measurements to be monitored and recorded by one person. Numerous eminent scholars and preachers visited the city from across India and South Asia. Since last census of Varanasi city was done in 2011, next census will only be in 2021. [112], The prominent malls and multiplexes in Varanasi are JHV Mall in the Cantonment area, IP Mall in Sigra, IP Vijaya Mall in Bhelupur, Vinayak Plaza in Maldhaiya and PDR Mall in Luxa. [103] Important agricultural products include betel leaves (for paan), langra mangoes and khoa (solidified milk). Therefore, the population of Haryana in 2020 is expected to be 28.6984 Million + 0.35968 Million = 29.05808 Million. [43], The Ramlila of Ramnagar is a dramatic enactment of Rama's legend, as told in Ramacharitamanasa. [111] Overall, Varanasi's tourist infrastructure is not well developed. [136], The Gyanvapi Mosque was built by the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb in 1664 CE, after destroying a Hindu temple. The Jain Ghat is believed to birthplace of Suparshvanatha (7th Tirthankara) and Parshvanatha (23rd tirthankara). Out of which 318052 are males while 309246 are females. [110] The peak tourist season falls between October and March. Notable artists (musicians and dancers) and historians who are connected with the city include Thakur Jaidev Singh, Mahadev Prasad Mishra, Bismillah Khan, Ravi Shankar, Girija Devi, Gopal Shankar Misra, Gopi Krishna, Kishan Maharaj, Lalmani Misra, Premlata Sharma, N. Rajam, Siddheshwari Devi, Samta Prasad, Sitara Devi,[159] Chhannulal Mishra, Rajan Sajan Mishra, Ritwik Sanyal, Soma Ghosh, Devashish Dey, Ramkrishna Das and Harish Tiwari. World Urbanization Prospects: The 2014 Revision, CD-ROM Edition. The proposed system consists of two lines, spanning from BHEL to Banaras Hindu University (19.35 km) and Benia Bagh to Sarnath (9.885 km). Dhritarasthra's eldest son Duryodhana also married a Kashi princess Bhanumati, who later bore him a son Lakshman Kumara and a daughter Lakshmanaa. [88] Some of the polluting sludge contains minerals which are fertiliser, which could make polluted water attractive to use. [41] The plays, sponsored by Kashi Naresh, are performed in Ramnagar every evening for 31 days. [158][clarification needed]. Question: What is the population of Varanasi? In 1998, Doordarshan studio was setup. Kashi Naresh attends this festival in his regal attire. To maintain the financial viability of the project, additional grants have been proposed from the two governments in addition to their equity contribution. Guru Nanak visited Varanasi for Maha Shivaratri in 1507, a trip that played a large role in the founding of Sikhism.[33]. [76], Varanasi is represented in the Lok Sabha by the current Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi who won the Lok Sabha elections in 2014 by a huge margin. Varanasi also has three Kendriya Vidyalaya. [100] Trade Facilitation Centre is a modern and integrated facility to support the handloom and handicraft sector in Varanasi; providing trade enhancement and facilitation to both domestic & international buyers. If population growth rate would be same as in period 2001-2011 (+1.75%/year), Varanasi population in 2021 would be: 1 703 897*. [41], Nag Nathaiya is celebrated on the fourth lunar day of the dark fortnight of the Hindu month of Kartik (October–November). [78], The Railway Cancer Hospital is now being run by the Tata Memorial Centre after intervention by Prime Minister Narendra Modi who represents Varanasi. [146] The mosque is architecturally a blend of Islamic and Hindu architecture, particularly because of the lower part of the walls of the mosque having been built fully with the remains of the Hindu temple. As per average, it is noticed that every year the population increases by about 0.35968 Million. Varanasi grew as an important industrial centre famous for its muslin and silk fabrics, perfumes, ivory works, and sculpture. The population of the Varanasi urban agglomeration in 2001 was 1,371,749 with a ratio of 879 females every 1,000 males. [211], Gymnastics is also popular in Varanasi, and many Indian girls practice outdoors at the ghats in the mornings which hosts akhadas, where "morning exercise, a dip in the Ganges and a visit to Lord Hanuman" forms a daily ritual. India 2020 population is estimated at 1,380,004,385 people at mid-year according to UN data. [180] Some government schools lack basic equipment, such as blackboards and sufficient desks and chairs for all students. [243] Nearly, 170 crore was invested by the Government to setup an inland port. A morning boat ride on the Ganges across the ghats is a popular tourist attraction. Many ghats are associated with Hindu legends and several are now privately owned. Most domestic tourists are from Bihar, West Bengal, Madhya Pradesh, and other parts of Uttar Pradesh, while the majority of foreign tourists are from Sri Lanka and Japan. It commemorates the victory of Krishna over the serpent Kaliya. The population of Varanasi in the year of 2019 is 4.1552 Million + … United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division (2014). A lithograph by James Prinsep (1832) of a Brahmin placing a garland on the holiest location in the city. Varanasi lies along National Highway 2, and is served by Varanasi Junction railway station and Lal Bahadur Shastri International Airport. As per 2009 stats, Rampur village is also a gram panchayat. Average literacy rate in Varanasi district as per census 2011 is 78.41 % of which males and females are 83.30 % and 72.92 % literates respectively. [156][157] The cantonment graveyard of the British Raj is now the location of Varanasi's Arts and Crafts. List of all Tehsils in Varanasi District of Uttar Pradesh. [177], Another important institution is the Central Hindu School in Kamachha. “Despite a considerable population of Kayastha in Varanasi which is an educated community, BJP did not field Kayastha candidates. [155], Varanasi is a major centre of arts and designs. [121] Varanasi has at least 84 ghats, most of which are used for bathing by pilgrims and spiritually significant Hindu puja ceremony, while a few are used exclusively as Hindu cremation sites. [40] The Kashi Naresh is deeply revered by the local people and the chief cultural patron; some devout inhabitants consider him to be the incarnation of Shiva. The 73 km stretch of the newly widened and six-laned NH-19, made with a total outlay of Rs 2,447 crore, is expected to reduce the travel time between Prayagraj and Varanasi by one hour. The total population of Varanasi is 1198491 out of which 635140 are males and 563351 are females. [200], FM/AM Stations available in the city are:[201][202][203], Mobile apps such as "InVaranasi", "Varanasi" and "LiveVNS" provide a wide range of information related to travel and local news. Fourth-century Gupta period inscriptions mention this ghat. [192] Some publishers in the city are: The city also hosts a Doordarshan Kendra, which was established in 1984 by the Hon'ble Prime Minister of India late Smt. Tulsidas wrote his epic poem on Rama's life called Ram Charit Manas in Varanasi. The religious head, Kashi Naresh, has had his headquarters at the Ramnagar Fort since the 18th century, also a repository of the history of the kings of Varanasi, which is situated to the east of Varanasi, across the Ganges. last known population is ≈ 1 432 300 (year 2011). Bachraj Ghat has three Jain temples near the river's banks, and one them is a very ancient temple of Tirthankara Suparswanath. The port also catered PepsiCo, IFFCO Fertilizers, Emami Agrotech and Dabur for cargo movement.[245]. [204][205][206], Basketball, cricket, and field hockey are popular sports in Varanasi. Indore has emerged as India’s cleanest city for the fourth consecutive times in the central government's cleanliness survey announced on Thursday. It was extended from Kolkata to Peshawar by Emperor Sher Shah Suri; later during the British Raj it came to be known as the famous Grand Trunk Road. Ahilya Ghat, Chet Singh Ghat, Kedar Ghat, Ganga Aarti at, Early Modern to Modern periods (1500–1949), sfn error: multiple targets (2×): CITEREFSingh2009 (, sfn error: multiple targets (2×): CITEREFBettsMcCulloch2013 (, Lal Bahadur Shastri International Airport, The Setting in Motion of the Wheel of Dharma, Indian Administrative Service (IAS) officer, Indian Institute of Technology (BHU) Varanasi, Institute of Integrated Management and Technology, Central Institute of Higher Tibetan Studies, National Seed Research and Training Centre, Indian Certificate of Secondary Education, Uttar Pradesh Board of Technical Education, "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above", "52nd REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER FOR LINGUISTIC MINORITIES IN INDIA", "Yogi Adityanath is right. 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