Learn how to say Gharial with EmmaSaying free pronunciation tutorials. The nasal opening of a gharial is smaller than the supra-temporal fossae. Gharials have a strong crest on the outer edge of the forearm, leg and foot. Lernen Sie die Übersetzung für 'gharial' in LEOs Englisch ⇔ Deutsch Wörterbuch. Common names include: Indian gharial, Indian gavial, Fish-eating crocodile, Gavial del Ganges, Gavial du Gange, Long-nosed crocodile, Bahsoolia, Nakar, Chimpta, Lamthora, Mecho Kumhir, Naka, Nakar, Shormon, Thantia, Thondre, Garial. Monitoring of released gharials revealed that the reintroduction programmes did not address multiple factors affecting their survival. The first, second, and third lower jaw teeth fit into spaces in the upper jaw. [35], Local names for the gharial include 'Lamthore gohi' and 'Chimpta gohi' in Nepali, whereby gohi means crocodile; 'Gharial' in Hindi; 'Nakar' and 'Bahsoolia nakar' in Bihari; 'Mecho kumhir' in Bengali, with 'mecho' being derived from 'māch' meaning fish; 'Thantia kumhira' in Odia, with 'thantia' being derived from the Sanskrit word 'tuṇḍa' meaning beak, snout, elephant's trunk; the male is called 'Ghadiala' and the female 'Thantiana' in Odia. During the Quaternary, Gavialis dispersed as far as Java via the Siva–Malayan route, which did not require saltwater crossings. These teeth are not received into interdental pits; the first, second, and third mandibular teeth fit into notches in the upper jaw. The shape of this snout changes when the animal grows older. Gavialis gangeticus. This enables it to achieve the excellent swimming abilities. [98], In the United States, gharials are kept in Busch Gardens Tampa, Cleveland Metroparks Zoo, Fort Worth Zoo, Honolulu Zoo, San Diego Zoo, National Zoological Park, San Antonio Zoo and Aquarium and St. Augustine Alligator Farm Zoological Park. This is because during the dry season the rivers shrink a bit and the sandy river banks are available for nesting. [32] The nasal bones are rather short and widely spaced from the premaxillae. Analyses of nuclear gene sequences of both species also support the view that they are sister taxa. Human translations with examples: gavial, gaviales, gavial del ganges, falso gavial malayo, gavialis gangeticus. [35] During surveys in 2008 and 2009, no gharial was sighted in the river. [67] About 30 gharials were observed in small lakes and tributaries of the Brahmaputra River in Assam between 2004 and 2007. The European studbook of the European Association of Zoos and Aquaria is kept in Prague Zoo since 2017. (large Indian crocodile) gavial nm nombre masculino: Sustantivo de género exclusivamente masculino, que lleva los artículos el o un en singular, y los o unos en plural. It does not chew its prey, but swallows it whole. [69], The gharial is the most thoroughly aquatic crocodilian. The country's first gharial breeding center was built in Nandankanan Zoological Park. [36], A 6.55 m (21 ft 6 in) long gharial was killed in the Ghaghara River in Faizabad in August 1920. The gharial and its extinct relatives are grouped together by taxonomists in several different ways: Janke et al. In 1991, the Ministry of Environment and Forests withdrew funds for the captive-breeding and egg-collection programs, arguing that the project had served its purpose. How to say gharial in English? English [] Alternative forms []. Northern Indian subcontinent: Bhutan (almost extinct), Bangladesh (close to extinction), India (present in small numbers and increasing), Myanmar (possibly extinct), Nepal, Pakistan (close to extinction). [33] 61(5):620-6. [2], In Nepal, small populations are present and slowly recovering in tributaries of the Ganges, such as the Narayani–Rapti river system in Chitwan National Park, and the Karnali–Babai river system in Bardia National Park. In the 1940s, it was numerous in the Barak River in Assam, which held big fish at the time including golden mahseer (Tor putitora). [95], As of 1999, gharials were also kept in the Madras Crocodile Bank Trust, Mysore Zoo, Jaipur Zoo and Kukrail Gharial Rehabilitation Centre in India. He placed it in the family Gavialidae together with the false gharial (Tomistoma schlegelii) because both have long, slender jaws and similar dentition. Gharial in English. gharial (plural gharials or gharial) . The gharial (Gavialis gangeticus), also known as the gavial or the fish-eating crocodile, is a crocodilian in the family Gavialidae and among the longest of all living crocodilians. Human translations with examples: gaviaal, gavialen, gangesgaviaal, onechte gaviaal. It was implemented with financial aid of the United Nations Development Fund and the Food and Agriculture Organization. Some gharial stomachs also contained jewellery. A gavial.. 1992, John B. Thorbjarnarson, Harry Messel, F. Wayne King, James Perran Ross (editors), Crocodiles: An Action Plan for Their Conservation, page 112, Placed in a family by itself, the Gavialidae, the gharial … The gharial (Gavialis gangeticus), also known as the gavial, and the fish-eating crocodile, is a crocodilian of the family Gavialidae, native to the northern part of the Indian Subcontinent. Lacerta gangetica was the scientific name proposed by Johann Friedrich Gmelin in 1789. The jugal bone is raised. [70], The gharial population is estimated to have declined from 5,000–10,000 individuals in 1946 to fewer than 250 individuals in 2006, a decline of 96–98% within three generations. The male's ghara starts growing over the nostrils at an age of 11.5 years and measures about 5 cm × 6 cm × 3.5 cm (2.0 in × 2.4 in × 1.4 in) at an age of 15.5 years. [21] Tip dating with the extinct Thoracosaurus indicates a divergence between the gharial and false gharial about 38 mya. The mugger crocodile also basks on sandy beaches, but unlike the gharial climbs steep embankments and rocks, and moves farther away from beaches for both basking and nest building. [3], The evolution of the gharial and its relationship with and divergence from other crocodilians have been a subject of controversy. Nuchal and dorsal scutes form a single continuous shield composed of 21 or 22 transverse series. In the Chambal River, females were observed to stay close to nest sites and guard young gharials until the shoreline was flooded. The outer edges of the forearms, legs, and feet have crests jutting out; fingers and toes are partly webbed. One reason for this decline is the increased use of gill nets for fishing in gharial habitat. It has been suggested to instead leave wild nests in place, increase protection of nesting and basking sites and monitor the movement of gharials. [85], When 111 dead gharials were found in the Chambal River between December 2007 and March 2008, it was initially suspected that they had died either because of toxicants or the illegal use of fish nets, in which they became entrapped in and subsequently drowned. [13] John Edward Gray reviewed zoological specimens in the collection of the Natural History Museum, London. Remains of Indian softshell turtle (Nilssonia gangetica) were also found in gharial stomachs. tenuirostris. The male gharial also uses the snouts to prouce _____. He also considered the gharial monotypic in 1869. Some hope lies with the conservation and management programs in place as of 2004. Fossil gharial remains were excavated in Pliocene deposits in the Sivalik Hills and the Narmada River valley. [11] The gharial has a bite force of 1,784–2,006 N (401–451 lbf). Juvenile gharials were observed to jerk their heads back to manoeuvre fish into their gullets, sliding them in head first. In 2017, the global population was estimated to comprise at maximum 900 individuals, including about 600 mature adults in six major subpopulations along 1,100 km (680 mi) of river courses and another 50 mature adults in eight minor subpopulations along 1,200 km (750 mi) of river courses. [33] Between 30 and 50 eggs are deposited into the hole that the female digs up before it is covered over carefully. G. gangeticus comes from the Indian Subcontinent, while G. bengawanicus is known from Java. [22], The genus Gavialis probably originated in the region of India and Pakistan in the Early Miocene. Mit Flexionstabellen der verschiedenen Fälle und Zeiten Aussprache und relevante Diskussionen Kostenloser Vokabeltrainer The gharial is well adapted to catching fish because of its long, thin snout and 110 sharp, interlocking teeth. Gharial are one of the biggest crocodilians, but they have the narrowest snout of the crocodilian species. [76], Females mature at a body length of around 2.6 m (8 ft 6 in). Gharial definition, a large crocodilian, Gavialis gangeticus, of India and Pakistan, having elongated, garlike jaws: an endangered species. [33] Bronx Zoo and Los Angeles Zoo received gharials in 2017. Recently this species has moved from Endangered to Critically Endangered on the 2007 Red List of endangered species of animals and plants issued by the World Conservation Union, and qualifies for protection under the CITES (Convention on International Trade of Endangered Species) Appendix II.[3][4]. However, the wild population declined from an estimated 436 adult gharials in 1997 to fewer than 250 mature individuals in 2006. G. bengawanicus fossils found in Thailand's Nakhon Ratchasima Province support the hypothesis of gharial dispersal through riverine systems. Of 36 marked gharials released in the spring seasons of 2002 and 2003 into the Rapti–Narayani rivers, only 14 were found alive in spring 2004. Usually found in the river systems of Indus (Pakistan) and the Brahmaputra (Bangladesh, Bhutan & North eastern India), the Ganges (Bangladesh, India & Nepal), and the Mahanadi River (in the rainforest biome) (India). 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